Above: Gerald D. Hodge, Jr. speaks with individuals participating in the National Park Service's Missionary Ridge Historical Walking Tour on November 19, 2006 on and around Sherman's Reservation. The gentleman holding the map is my friend and Chief Historian of the Chickamauga-Chattanooga National Military Park, James Ogden III. The position is the on a modern day access road approximately where Matthies and Raum's Federal Brigades got stacked up during their attack on the northern point of Cleburne's position. In the distance you can see the first position of Cumming's Brigade further down the ridge.
These pictures were taken on November 19, 2006 and on January 01, 2008. Copyright 2009 by Gerald D. Hodge, Jr.
Above: Interpretive Marker, Stevenson's Division.
Above: First Interpretive Marker, Cumming's Brigade, Stevenson's Division. Morning Actions.
Above: Approximate position of the 39th Georgia on the morning of November 25, 1863, 9 a.m. This position straddles the tunnel of the Chattanooga & Cleveland Railroad line looking west. The road is North Crest Road. Note how the terrain drops off just beyond the barrier. Also note how the ridge protrudes from left to right causing further constriction in the terrain for any attacking forces.
Above: A little to the left of the position in the previous picture and looking north. This give another perspective of the slope of the terrain. The high ground to the distant right is Tunnel Hill where Major General Patrick Cleburne's primary position was at and where Cumming's Brigade would ultimately end up on the afternoon of November 25, 1863.
Above: The intersection of Woolson Road and North Crest Road. Woolson Road goes to the right and North Crest Road goes north in this picture. The first Cumming's Brigade Interpretive Marker is just to my back. The interpretive marker that can barely be seen just beyond the reality signs is that of Stevenson's Division. The markers were placed by the veteran's themselves and would have marked the approximate location of the center of the brigade. The terrain rapidly drops off to the right of the road and the geographic crest of the ridgeline is a few meters further to the right.
Above: Located just to the south of the first Cumming's Brigade Interpretive Marker toward the where Baxter's and Rowan's Batteries were located around the area of the grassy area and the white house.
Below: The reverse of the picture above. The picture was taken looking north along North Crest Road toward the Cumming's Brigade marker from Rowan's Battery marker.
Above: The western tunnel entrance. Note the terrain. Keep in mind that in 1863 this terrain was not as thickly vegetated and above the tunnel were Calvert's Arkansas, Swett's Texas and Goldthwaite's Alabama Batteries ready to receive any attack the Federals had to offer in this sector.
Above: The railroad going away from the tunnel to the southwest. Off to the right the railroad bed drops off and this is where Loomis's Federal brigade impaled themselves and became fixed in place by the Confederate field artillery above the tunnel. The brigade's left most regiment, the 90th Illinois, sustained the vast majority of their casualties from field artillery fire
Above: The terrain to the left and right of the tunnel is steep and not too condusive to being transversed on foot under the best of circumstances. A portion of the 39th Georgia surged down this terrain to seize control of the Glass Farm complex on the morning of November 25, 1863.
Below: Another picture of the terrain left of the tunnel as you look at it. The terrain to the left of the tunnel is not as bad as that on the right.
Above: The second Cumming's Brigade Interpretive Marker located on Tunnel Hill, Sherman's Reservation, Chickamauga-Chattanooga National Military Park.
Above: A panoramic view of Chattanooga from Cleburne's primary position on Tunnel Hill. This view is looking southwest. The first hill mass from the left is where the 39th Georgia's first position of the morning was and this position was be where Cumming's Brigade would assist Cleburne and launch a counterattack down the ridge. The second peak is Lookout Mountain. Raccoon Mountain and Walden's Ridge constitute the remainder of the mountains in the background. The end of the grassy area is about 25 meters away from where I shot this picture and at this point is where the terrain drops off resulting in a "deadspace." A deadspace is an area that cannot be visually observed or direct fire weapons brought to bear. It was in this space that the Federals sought refuge and the Confederates threw rocks and rolled boulders down the hill in an attempt to dislodge them. This situation facilitated the need for a counterattack to dislodge Raum's and Matthies' Brigades.
Above: This picture was taken on Bird Street orienting toward a portion of Missionary Ridge. Loomis's Brigade would have been in line of battle from left to right (90th Illinois, 100th Indiana, 12th Indiana, and 26th Illinois). They used the railroad embankment, just beyond the turn of the road to the right, for cover. The tunnel is off to the left of this picture and the railroad goes from left to right.
Above: The 73rd Pennsylvania Reservation at the intersection of Glass Street and Campbell Street. Approximately 300 feet behind me is a spring that would have been the source of water for the Glass family. No remains of the farm exist today but given the evidence that I have seen, the house, slave cabins, barn and other out buildings would have been in this area and it has potential for some future archaeology work. The road that is Campbell Street existed in 1863 and was part of the route the 39th Georgia took to seize the Glass Farm.
Above: A reverse shot of the picture above. A half dozen steps to the rear and I would not be able to see the group.
Above: A panoramic view from about the 3100 block of North Chamberlain Avenue, Chattanooga, Tennessee looking south-southwest. The first peak in the distance from the left is Tunnel Hill then you have the saddle and then Missionary Ridge continues southward. The sun glare you see off the group of houses below the second peak are the houses around the area where I took the picture looking up Bird Street. As Loomis's, Raum's, Bushbeck's, and Matthies' Brigades attacked they would have crossed right to left between this point and the ridge to the front.